Tag Archives: Autism
Problems since BirthChildren with autism, since the first months of life, are characterized by some peculiarities in development. First of all, such a child early avoid interaction with all kinds and adults: he does not cuddled to mother when she takes him in arms, does not stretch hand and pulled to her, as healthy baby does, does not look in eyes, avoiding direct eye contact. He often prevails peripheral vision (better perceive space around a fixed point than point itself); he also may not respond to sounds in his own name, which often leads one to suspect these children having hearing loss.
Distinctive FeaturesA characteristic feature of mental development in autism is contradictory, ambiguous manifestations of its violation. Autistic child can be highly intelligent and mentally retarded, it can be gifted in some area (music, mathematics), but it does not have simple domestic and social skills. The same child in different situations can be awkward and can demonstrate amazing motor dexterity. Intelligence quotient of autistic children is often over 70 points out of 100-point grading scale. These children display ability - sometimes brilliant - for drawing, music, design. They are called "island of knowledge", and those who have them, called "scientists -autists." The child are not affected at all by remaining areas of life and are not interested in them.
StereotypyAutistic child is very connected with his own existing stereotypes. All his inner world squeezed into rigid framework, way out beyond which is tragedy for him. It happens due to primarily the so-called neophobia - fear of anything new. However, such children can develop phobia to anything. In particular, autistic children often suffer from sensory phobia - fear of electrical household devices, producing sharp sounds, water sound, dark or bright light, closed doors, clothes with turtle neck, etc. When autistic child feels particularly bad, he can show aggression and self-injurious behavior. The explosion of destructive force of desperation is usually directed against intervention in his life and attempts to change his stereotypes. Selectivity in contacts and lack of visible affection even to close people appear from whole systems fears, and because of this - there appear prohibitions and self-restraint.
Speech DevelopmentSpeech is distinguished by inflexibility "unnaturalness", "mechanistic", "parrot - like". Often impression of stamping is present. One of striking characteristics of autistic child's speech - echophrasia - delayed, repetition of heard anywhere phrases out of touch with the real situation.
Family Problems with Autistic ChildThe main Trouble for families with an autistic child, first of all, is that awareness of problem often occurs suddenly. The difficulty with establishing contact and interaction are balanced in eyes of parents soothing experiences that cause serious, intelligent child's eyes, his special abilities. Therefore, at the time of diagnosis, family is undergoing through the hardest times of stress: three, four, sometimes even five parents report that their child, who is still considered healthy and gifted, in fact, "unteachable." Often, they immediately offered to issue disability or place it in special boarding school. Stress for family which continues to "fight" for their child, often becomes chronic from that moment.
Maternal PerceptionThe biggest problems fall to autistic child's mother lot, because from its very birth, she does not get positive emotions, just joy of communion with more than cover all the hardships and fatigue associated with daily cares and anxieties. The child does not smile to her, does not look in the eye, he does not like to be on your hands; sometimes he even distinguishes it from other surrounding people, does not give a visible preference in contact. The consequence of it is depression, irritability, emotional exhaustion development. Characteristically, need for communication in autistic children was not initially broken. Such a child can be deeply attached to loved one, and human person is important for him as it is for any other - just eye contact, but he can withstand only short-lasting contact. Thus, autistic child rather can not, than does not want to communicate with other people.
Paternity DifficultiesFathers tend to avoid daily stress associated with bringing up an autistic child, spending more time at work. Nevertheless, they are experiencing feelings of guilt, frustration as well, but do not talk about it so clearly as mothers'. In addition, these special burdens borne material to provide care for "troublesome" child, which are felt more acutely because they promise to be long-lasting, virtually lifelong. Brothers and sisters of such children are grow in special situations: they are experiencing some difficulties with psychological and domestic terms, and parents in such a situation often force to sacrifice their interests.
What to Do – Tips of Canadian Health&Care MallDuring 40-60-ies many experts considered autism as emotional isolation which is quite normal in children. In the 60s facts, which are clearly indicated, began to accumulate that autism is result of invisible form of brain damage. Special teaching methods have been developed that have proven effectiveness in reducing behavior deviations and learning necessary skills. And yet, to provide proper care for sick child for autism is not an easy task. Autism for many reasons may be for months, and in some cases even years vague or incorrectly diagnosed. Canadian Health and Care Mall strictly recommends you to undergo required medical examination and then order medications (if necessary) via http://theautismnewswire.com/.
Daily LifeUnlike most children with autism are not very willing to accept information from external environment. To teach them basic elementary things is necessary for life in house or outside, it is very difficult, it is a slow and gradual process. Routine day can heavily load one of parents, because it is necessary to perform a lot of work, namely, to help child get dressed, feed him, and led to bathroom, as well as to correct dangerous or obscene behavior and clean up room after child. To all this it may be added need of ongoing care for child with autism. For these children you constantly need to monitor, because they have no sense of danger. With age, some of these requirements disappear, whereas other may grow. Even if progress is made, almost all patients for autism and further require a certain care throughout their lives. There are no so many special institutions for adults with autism, parents of sick children are faced with a choice: either the whole life take care of sick child at home, or, if possible, to bring your adult child in institution, where professional staff will care for him.
Reaction of Other PeopleMost children with autism appear outwardly normal, but their behavior may surprise or shock others, which creates psychological problems for family. Through these difficulties, many of parents can seek for solitude. They can go for a walk at a time when the least there are less people. The other parents it is generally difficult to go out with the baby for a walk.
Importance of Family UnityIn book "Children with autism" is written: "Simple and very important thing for autistic child is that his family should be together." This is an extremely difficult task. Difficulty to raise a child with autism is transformed into extremely severe emotional trauma. Some people give up, and someone successfully overcomes these problems. One book describes three pieces of advice composed on basis of experience of successful couples who have autistic child.
- First of all, it is important to determine cause of painful feelings and to share them.
- Second tip: check their roles and routine in house, making adjustments, that any work was divided fairly equally.
- Third tip: schedule a time when you will be doing something together, just two of us. Defining priorities, never let needs of your child, or his devotion to endanger your family life.
- Do not rush to give advice.
- Invite family members for visit. Even if they will not be able to take some kind of invitation, it will be very grateful that you invite them.
- Offer to sit with child. One of the largest family of patient needs is a break from hectic daily schedule.
- Start with a proposal to sit a few minutes with your child. In the end, you will probably be able to release members of family for the evening or for the weekend. Such rest is very helpful for family to rebuild their forces.
- More important particular service is that they feel love and understanding of others. In short, the most important you can do for members of patient's family- it continues to be their friends.
Special AbilitiesChildren with autism have some special abilities, such as fantastic memory for details and small details. Someone has musical ability, and they can play complex musical passages even without music. Still others - gifted mathematicians.
Autism can be characterized as a mental development disorder which is manifested in disordered motor and speech activity, superstition of behavior and activity. As a result sufferers become socially isolated. Autism is a neurobiological disorder conditioned by interhemispheric connections. This disorder considers to be a chronic one and appears in the early childhood. Nowadays the scientists cannot be sure speaking about the reasons of this disease because the origin is rather unclear and complicated. It is a fact that an instigator of autism is a genes but the question whether it depends on the amount of genes or other mutations is not answered today. (more…)